Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that gives a clear view of the inside of a joint. During shoulder arthroscopy, Dr Xenos inserts a small camera (arthroscope) into your shoulder joint. The camera displays pictures on a monitor and this allows visualization of the shoulder and use of small surgical instruments.
The shoulder joint is a ball (humeral head) and socket (glenoid) joint. Articular cartilage lines the joint allowing for easy motion. The glenoid labrum forms a rim around the socket. Ligaments form a capsule around the joint. The 4 rotator cuff tendons and the biceps tendon surround the capsule and allow motion while acting as stabilizers.
Several conditions in the shoulder may require arthroscopic surgery if not responding to nonsurgical treatment. Common conditions include: labral tears, rotator cuff tears, and impingement.
Most often shoulder arthroscopy will be an outpatient procedure performed under general anesthesia. A few small incisions will be made for the arthroscope and instruments. There are a variety of procedures done arthroscopically depending on your condition. Depending on the procedure, you may need physical therapy after the surgery.
Most often people return to their regular activities after shoulder arthroscopy. This is dependent on the procedure performed.